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barA unit of music representing a group of consecutive beats. The number of beats in a bar or measure is measured by the time signature, and is determined by the ratio and relative strength of the naturally strong and weak beats occurring in the music.
baseThe lower half of the body, including the feet, legs and hips.
basic figureA standardized step pattern which, together with other patterns, constitute the basis of a dance.
beatA steady and continuous pulse in the music, within which the rhythms are formed.
beat valueThe duration of a note measured in beats. For example: The beat value of a "slow" count is two beats.
blendingThe skillful combining of movements in a smooth and natural manner.
ball-heelA type of footwork, abbreviated "BH". A "Ball-Heel" step is taken first with the ball of the foot in contact with the floor, and then with the whole foot flat. In the Latin dances, when a Ball-Heel step is being taken, the heel of the free foot will release from the floor while the toe maintains contact. In Tango, the heel of the free foot will release, except on back steps where the toe will release.
blocks of weightThe primary sections of the upper body arranged vertically. From top down: Head, Shoulder/Chest, Abdomen, and Hips.
body contactThe area of physical contact between man's and lady's body when in Closed, Promenade, or Outside Partner position.
body flightThe natural release of body weight from a swinging action. Body Flight is found in the ballroom swing dances.
body riseElevation of the body achieved by straightening the knees.
body swingA pendulum-type swinging action of the body.
body turnAmount of turn of the body when it is different from the feet.
body turns lessIndicated in the chart under Amount of Turn. Used primarily on the inside if a turn, when the amount of body rotation is less than the amount of foot rotation. A step taken with "body turns less" is usually followed by a step with "body completes turn".
body weightThe concept of the weight of the entire body as a unit. The relationship of the body weight to the feet is determined primarily by the Center, but can be affected by the weight of individual body parts.
BoleroA slow Latin dance which originated as one of two forms of Rumba (Bolero Rumba and Son Rumba), and still shares many of the same figures. Bolero differs from Rumba in its tempo and style of music and movement.
Box StepA pattern consisting of six steps, which when taken in its entirety, form the shape of a box.
breakA unit of two steps where the second step is taken in exactly the opposite direction from the first.
breakawayA break which is taken in open position, with partners moving in opposition.
broken swayBody sway which does not result from the natural swinging action of the body, such as is found in an Oversway.
BronzeThe first complete level of the American Medallist System, representing the foundation of movements and basic dance concepts.
brushThe action of closing the moving foot to the standing foot, without changing weight, between steps.
backingA term used in the description of Alignments, to specify movement which is backward ( i.e. Backing LOD, Backing DC ).
back lineThe line across the back of the shoulders, from elbow to elbow. In Closed Position, a good Back Line is expansive and slightly rounded, with no pinching of the shoulder blades.
backward tango closeA Tango Close which begins with the man stepping back on the left foot.
back to back positionDance position where man and lady face away from each other.
balanceThe correct distribution of body weight between the feet or over the standing foot.
ballThe rounded part of the foot between the toes and the arch.
ball-changeA series of two consecutive steps, the first step being taken with the ball of the foot only. The rhythm is usually syncopated.
ball-flatA type of footwork, abbreviated "BF". A "Ball-Flat" step is taken first with the ball of the foot in contact with the floor, and then with the whole foot flat.
beatOne single pulse of music. Beats are usually arranged into groups of 2, 3, or 4, called measures.
body completes turnIndicated in the chart under Amount of Turn. Used primarily on the inside if a turn, usually following a step labeled "body turns less", where the amount of body rotation is less than the amount of foot rotation. When the body completes turn, it squares off with the feet.
ballA type of footwork, abbreviated "B". A "ball" step is taken without the heel in contact with the floor, but with little or no rise resulting in the body.

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