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parallel positionTwo of the most prominent American teaching systems define Parallel Position differently:

School #1 defines Parallel as being the same as Outside Partner Position, with man and lady facing each other, slightly offset.

School #2 defines Parallel as being the same as Shadow Position, with man and lady facing the same direction, slightly offset.

Paso DobleA dramatic French-Spanish Flamenco-style march danced in 2/4 time, with man portraying the matador in a bullfight, the lady as his cape. Paso Doble is usually danced to España Cani, the Spanish Gypsy Dance.
patternA small group of individual steps or movements.
pencil turnA spin on one foot, with the free foot held next to the standing foot in first position.
pendulum motionMovement of the body or part of the body which emulates the swinging action of a pendulum: A lower portion of the body travels at a faster rate of speed than a portion of the body above.
phraseA self-contained musical statement which has a definite beginning, middle and end ; A musical passage or sentence. In dance music, the length of the phrases is often consistent and predictable, (such as 2, 4, or 8 measures), but odd-measure phrases are not uncommon.
pitchThe inclination of the body forward or backward.
pivotThe turning of the supporting foot against the floor (general context).
pivoting actionAny movement or action which includes the turning of a weighted foot (general context).
pointTo extend the foot in such a way that it is placed at an angle roughly parallel to the leg.
pointingRefers to the alignment of the feet when diffferent from the direction the body is facing or moving.
poiseThe pitch of the body and placement of the body weight relative to the feet.
PolkaA fast and lively Bohemian dance of Polish origin, danced to traditional German "oom-pah" music in 2-4 time. The basic movement is characterized by three steps and a hop.
positions of armsThe five positions of the feet as defined in Ballet, such as First Position (arms down, at sides), Second Position (arms extended to side), and Fifth Position (arms raised above head).
postureThe positioning of the different body parts relative to one another. Good posture is achieved by vertically aligning the different "blocks of weight" of the body (head, shoulders, abdomen, and hips), allowing for the natural curve of the spine with minimal distortions.
press lineA body position seen in Paso Doble and occasionally Tango, where the weight is split between the feet, but favoring the front foot. The front leg is bent with the foot arched high on the ball, while the back leg is straight with the foot flat on the floor.
pressed forward walkA type of Latin Walk whereby the weight is placed onto the ball of the foot with knee bent. The heel is usually lowered and knee straightened before the next step is taken.
pushTension applied to a connection through the manipulation of body weight toward it.
pullTension applied to a connection through the manipulation of body weight or away from it.
professional dancerA person who seeks financial gain from the teaching or performing of dancing.
progressive movementMovement which travels forward or backward through space.
progressive rotationMovement which is both progressive and rotational in nature. Examples of progressive rotation are Pivots, Chainé Turns, and the Viennese Left Cross Turn.
projectionExtension of the body position, posture, movement, energy and volume to a performance level.
promenade positionA V-shaped dance position where both man and lady move forward and in the same direction, toward the open end of the "V".
pronateTo roll the foot so that the top angles inward (inside edge to the floor). Pronation is a common technique in Latin and Rhythm styles.

push & pullTension applied to a connection through the manipulation of body weight toward it (push) or away from it (pull)
phraseA self-contained piece of choreography that has a definite beginning, middle, and end ; A dance passage or sentence. Choreography is normally either phrased to fit specific musical passages, or to match common general song structures.
pivotA turn in the direction of the forward foot, taken following a forward or backward progressive movement, with weight held over one foot.
pivoting actionA turn in the direction of the forward foot, taken following a forward progressive movement, where the majority of rotation occurs as the weight is leaving the supporting foot.
pointAn extended position of the foot which is achieved when the toe or ball is still in contact with the floor, but the heel is not.


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