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Progressive Quarter Turns (0:23)
Demo with narrated counts

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Progressive Quarter Turns O.P. (0:23)
Narrated with counts. Two camera angles.

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American Style Foxtrot
Progressive Quarter Turns
Dance Menu  |  Foxtrot Menu  |  Step List

6. Progressive Quarter Turns

Progressive Quarter Turns (also known simply as Quarter Turns or Zig-Zag Basic) is a pattern of alternating Forward and Backward Basics, danced to the timing SSQQ, SSQQ. The Forward Basic turns 1/4 to the right, and the Back Basic turns 1/4 to the left. It begins with man facing diagonally toward the wall, and the dancers progress down line of dance in a zig-zag pattern.

This begins the series of diagonally-moving figures, which is the focus of the intermediate bronze level in Foxtrot. It includes Progressive Quarter Turns (in-line and O.P.), Progressive Quarter Turns to R., Right Box Turn, and Forward and Backward Changes O.P. Once learned, the Progressive Quarter Turns often replace the Forward Basic as the basic repeated pattern of choice, and is considered by some to be the true "Foxtrot Basic".

Because the Progressive Quarter Turns begin and end on the same alignment, they can be repeated as desired to progress down line of dance. They can also turn the corner by underturning the Forward Basic and overturning the Basic, as in the following example:

Progressive Quarter Turn, Taken at Corner

FigureStarting Alignment (man)Ending AlignmentAmount of Turn
Forward Basic Facing Diagonal Wall Backing Center 1/8 to R. over 2-4
Back Basic Backing Center Facing Diagonal Wall of new LOD 3/8 to R. over 6-8


In the above example, the Forward Basic is underturned by 1/8, whereas the Back Basic is overturned by 1/8, so that the entire figure ends rotated 1/4 turn counterclockwise from where it began, thus turning the corner. Another method for turning the corner is to take the Forward Basic with no turn, followed by a Back Basic with 1/4 to L.

6b. Progressive Quarter Turns O.P.

Progressive Quarter Turns O.P., or outside partner, are functionally identical to the more basic Progressive Quarter Turns. All steps, footwork, directions and alignments are identical; This is simply an alternative method for dancing the same pattern, and teaches the student both the option and the method for achieving outside partner position. The position itself comes into play on the second walk of each SSQQ basic: Man stepping forward outside partner on 2, and lady stepping forward outside partner on 6.

The formula for achieving outside partner requires two main ingredients: (1) The placing of one foot along the track of the other in CBMP, or Contra Body Movement Position, and (2) the body oriented to a slightly different angle than that of the feet, in order to maintain the proper dance position. This can be done by turning the feet under the body, as is the case in the Forward and Backward Changes O.P., or in the case of Progressive Quarter Turns O.P., by turning the body over the feet.

The inline and outside partner variations can, of course, be freely mixed together in any combination. For example, it's very common to dance the Forward Basic with the outside partner variant while returning the inline position for the Back Basic, or vice-versa.

6. Progressive Quarter Turns
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, facing diagonal wall.
 
1SlowLeft foot forward. 
2SlowRight foot forward.Begin to turn to right. 
3QuickLeft foot side.1/8 turn to right between 2-3. 
4QuickClose right foot to left foot.1/8 turn to right between 3-4. End backing diagonal center. 
 
5SlowLeft foot back.Toward diagonal center. 
6SlowRight foot back.Begin to turn to left. 
7QuickLeft foot side.1/4 turn to left between 6-7, body turns less. 
8QuickClose right foot to left foot.Body completes turn. End facing diagonal wall. 
6b. Progressive Quarter Turns O.P.
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, facing diagonal wall.
 
1SlowLeft foot forward and slightly leftward, left side leading.Facing diagonal wall. 
2SlowRight foot forward in CBMP, outside partner on right.Begin to turn to right. 
3QuickLeft foot side.1/8 turn to right between 2-3. 
4QuickClose right foot to left foot.1/8 turn to right between 3-4. End backing diagonal center. 
 
5SlowLeft foot back, left side leading.Backing diagonal center. 
6SlowRight foot back in CBMP, partner outside on left.Begin to turn to left. 
7QuickLeft foot side.1/4 turn to left between 6-7 (body turns less). 
8QuickClose right foot to left foot.Body completes turn. End facing diagonal wall. 
6. Progressive Quarter Turns
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, backing diagonal wall.
 
1SlowRight foot back. 
2SlowLeft foot back.Begin to turn to right. 
3QuickRight foot side.1/4 turn to right between 2-3, body turns less. 
4QuickClose left foot to right foot.Body completes turn. End facing diagonal center. 
 
5SlowRight foot forward.Towards diagonal center. 
6SlowLeft foot forward.Begin to turn to left. 
7QuickRight foot side.1/8 turn to left between 6-7. 
8QuickClose left foot to right foot.1/8 turn to left between 7-8. End backing diagonal wall. 
6b. Progressive Quarter Turns O.P.
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, backing diagonal wall.
 
1SlowRight foot back, right side leading.Backing diagonal wall. 
2SlowLeft foot back in CBMP, partner outside on right.Begin to turn to right. 
3QuickRight foot side.1/4 turn to right between 2-3 (body turns less). 
4QuickClose left foot to right foot.Body completes turn. End facing diagonal center. 
 
5SlowRight foot forward and slightly rightward, right side leading.Facing diagonal center. 
6SlowLeft foot forward in CBMP, outside partner on left.Begin to turn to left. 
7QuickRight foot side.1/8 turn to left between 6-7. 
8QuickClose left foot to right foot.1/8 turn to left between 7-8. End backing diagonal wall. 
Forward Basic>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Forward Basic>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner
Back Basic>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Hesitation Left Turn>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Hesitation Left Turn>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turns
Hesitation Right Turn>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Hesitation Right Turn>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turns
Left Box (Reverse) Turn>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Left Box (Reverse) Turn>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turns
Side Sway>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Side Sway>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turns
Promenade>> Progressive Quarter Turnsif lady turns to man at end of promenade
Promenade>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsif man turns to lady at end of promenade
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Progressive Quarter Turns
1-7 Progressive Quarter Turns to Right>>2-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner
Forward Changes O.P.>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Forward Changes O.P.>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner, with Forward Changes ended backing DC of new LOD
1-6 Forward Changes O.P.>> Progressive Quarter Turnsstep 1 of Prog Quarter Turns taken O.P. towards DW
1-10 Forward Changes O.P.>>5-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner, to end facing dc of new LOD
1-9 Forward Changes O.P.>>2-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner
1-7 Right Box (Natural) Turn>>2-8 Progressive Quarter Turnsat a corner
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Forward Basic
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Back Basic
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Back Basic
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Hesitation Left Turn
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Hesitation Right Turn
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Hesitation Right Turn
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Left Box (Reverse) Turn
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Side Sway
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Side Sway
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Progressive Quarter Turns
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Progressive Quarter Turns to Rightif prog quarter turns end facing line of dance
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Forward Changes O.P.
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Backward Changes O.P.
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>>7-12 Backward Changes O.P.step 7 of back change steps taken in-line
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Right Box (Natural) Turn
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Right Pivot Turn
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Twinkle
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade Check
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade Check
Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade Twist Turn
1-4 Progressive Quarter Turns>> Promenade Pivot


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